Kanwar M, Raina A, Lohmueller L, Kraisangka J, Benza R.
Current Hypertension Reports. 2019 Apr 25;21(6):45.
doi: 10.1007/s11906-019-0950-y. Review. PMID: 31025123
PURPOSE OF REVIEW:
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a chronic, progressive, and incurable disease with significant morbidity and mortality. Despite increasingly available treatment options, PAH patients continue to experience disease progression and increased rates of hospitalizations due to right heart failure. Physician’s ability to comprehensively assess PAH patients, determine prognosis, and monitor disease progression and response to treatment remains critical in optimizing outcomes.
Risk assessment in PAH should include a range of clinical, hemodynamic, and exercise parameters, performed in a serial fashion over the course of treatment. Approaches to risk assessment in PAH patients include the use of risk variables, scores, and equations that stratify the impact of both modifiable (e.g., 6-min walk distance, functional class, brain natriuretic peptide), and non-modifiable (e.g., age, gender, PAH etiology) risk factors. Such tools allow physicians to better determine prognosis, allocate treatment resources, and enhance the consistency of treatment approaches across providers. Comprehensive and accurate risk prediction is essential to make individualized treatment decisions and optimizing outcomes in PAH.